Commitments and Contingencies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2019
|Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Commitments and Contingencies||
12. Commitments and Contingencies
In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into non-cancelable leases to purchase equipment and for its facilities, including related party leases (see Note 13 – Transactions with Related Parties). As per Note 2, leases are accounted for as operating leases or finance leases, in accordance with ASC 842, Leases.
The Company leases office space in Miami, Florida and laboratory space in Bothell, Washington under operating leases that expire on August 31, 2021 and January 31, 2024, respectively. The Company recently signed an amendment to the Bothell, Washington lease agreement by extending the lease term for a period of sixty months from February 2019 through January 2024. For operating leases, the weighted average discount rate is 8.0% and the weighted average remaining lease term is 4.2 years.
The following table summarizes the Company’s maturities of operating lease liabilities, by year and in aggregate, as of June 30, 2019 (in thousands):
The operating lease liabilities summarized above do not include variable common area maintenance (CAM) charges, which are contractual liabilities under the Company’s Bothell, Washington lease. CAM charges for the Bothell, Washington facility are calculated annually based on actual common expenses for the building incurred by the lessor and proportionately billed to tenants based on leased square footage. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, approximately $41,000 and $33,000 of variable lease expense (CAM) was included in general and administrative operating expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations, respectively.
The minimum lease payments above include the amounts that would be paid if the Company maintains its Bothell lease for the five-year term, starting February 2019. The Company has the right to terminate this lease after three years on January 31, 2022, by giving prior notice at least nine months before the early termination date and by paying a termination fee equal to the sum of unamortized leasing commissions and reimbursement for tenant improvements provided by the landlord amortized at 8.0% over the extended term.
On September 1, 2018, the Company entered into a lease agreement with a limited liability company controlled by Dr. Phillip Frost, a director and a principal shareholder of the Company (see Note 13 – Transactions with Related Parties). The lease term is three years with an optional three-year extension. On an annualized basis, straight-line rent expense is approximately $58,000, including fixed and estimable fees and taxes.
The offices and laboratory spaces in Tucker, Georgia were leased from a limited liability company owned by one of Cocrystal’s former directors, Dr. Raymond Schinazi and previously leased on a month to month basis (see Note 13 – Transactions with Related Parties). The Company closed its offices and laboratory in Tucker, Georgia, and the final lease-related payment was made in October 2018.
As of June 30, 2019, right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities and amortization expense recognized for operating leases was $833,000 and $72,000, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, operating lease expense, excluding short-term leases, finance leases and CAM charges, totaled approximately $100,000 and $83,000, respectively. Additionally, the Company recognized short-term operating lease expense of $12,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019, and cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities for operating leases as operating cash out flows in the same period.
In November 2018, the Company entered into two lease agreements to acquire lab equipment with 18 monthly payments of $18,000 payable through May 27, 2020 and 36 monthly payments of $1,000 payable through November 21, 2021, respectively. For finance leases, the weighted average discount rate is 8.0% and the weighted average remaining lease term is 1.1 years.
The following table summarizes the Company’s maturities of finance lease liabilities, by year and in aggregate, as of June 30, 2019 (in thousands):
The leased lab equipment is depreciable over five years and is presented net of accumulated depreciation on the condensed consolidated balance sheets under property and equipment. As of June 30, 2019, total right-of-use lab equipment and accumulated depreciation recognized under finance leases is $347,000 and $41,000, respectively, and depreciation expense for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $35,000. As of December 31, 2018, total right-of-use assets exchanged for finance lease liabilities was $347,000 and accumulated depreciation for lab equipment under finance leases was $6,000.
At June 30, 2019, the aggregate outstanding balance of finance lease liabilities, current and long-term, is $225,000 and the Company expects to pay future interest charges of $12,000 over the remaining finance lease terms. For the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company paid $106,000 and $11,000 in principal and interest, respectively, totaling financing cash out flows of $117,000 for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities for finance leases and added back to net income the $11,000 of interest expense under cash flows from operating activities. The Company had no leases considered to be finance leases as of June 30, 2018.
From time to time, the Company is a party to, or otherwise involved in, legal proceedings arising in the normal course of business. As of the date of this report, except as described below, the Company is not aware of any proceedings, threatened or pending, against it which, if determined adversely, would have a material effect on its business, results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
On September 20, 2018, a class action lawsuit was filed with the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey a complaint against the Company, certain current and former executive officers and directors of the Company and the other defendants named therein for violation of Section 10(b) of the Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder. Additionally, the complaint alleges that certain current and former executive officers of the Company violated Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act. The class consists of the persons and entities who purchased the Company’s common stock during the period from September 23, 2013 through September 7, 2018. The plaintiff seeks damages, pre-judgment and post-judgment interest, reasonable attorneys’ fees, expert fees and other costs. On June 25, 2019, the plaintiffs in the class action lawsuit filed an amended class action complaint.
On January 16, 2019, Ms. Susan Church, a stockholder of the Company, filed with the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington a derivative suit against certain current and former executive officers and directors of the Company alleging breach of fiduciary duties, unjust enrichment, waste of corporate assets, and violations of the rules governing proxy solicitation. Church seeks, among other things, money damages, disgorgement of profits from alleged wrongful conduct, including cash bonuses, pre-judgment and post-judgment interest, reasonable attorneys’ fees, expert fees and other costs. The attorneys have agreed to a stay of the derivative suit pending resolution of the class action.
On September 7, 2018, the SEC filed with the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York a complaint against Dr. Philip Frost, a director and principal stockholder of the Company, a trust Dr. Frost controls and OPKO Health, Inc., a stockholder of the Company, of which Dr. Frost is the Chief Executive Officer, as well as other defendants named therein. On January 10, 2019, the District Court entered final judgments against these defendants on their consent without admitting or denying the allegations set forth in the complaint. Dr. Frost was permanently enjoined from violating a certain anti-fraud provision of the Securities Act of 1933, future violations of Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and Rule 13d-1(a) thereunder and participating in penny stock offerings subject to certain exceptions.
In November 2017, Lee Pederson, a former Biozone lawyer, filed a lawsuit in Minnesota against co-defendants the Company, Dr. Phillip Frost, OPKO Health, Inc. and Brian Keller for various allegations. On September 13, 2018, the United States District Court granted the Company and its co-defendants’ motion to dismiss Pederson’s amended complaint. On October 11, 2018, Pederson filed a notice of appeal with the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.
On July 8, 2019, Mr. Pederson filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court in Minnesota against the Company, Dr. Frost and Mr. Daniel Fisher. See Note 4 for information on Mr. Fisher. While the Company, to its knowledge, has not been served, it has obtained a copy of the complaint. In his complaint, Pederson alleges tortious interference by the Company and Dr. Frost with the collaboration agreement between Mr. Pederson and Mr. Fisher. Mr. Pederson seeks damages in the amount of $800,000 or such other amount as may be determined at trial.
While the Company intends to defend itself vigorously from the claims in the aforementioned disputes, it is unable to predict the outcome of these legal proceedings. Any potential loss as a result of these legal proceedings cannot be reasonably estimated. As a result, the Company has not recorded a loss contingency for any of the aforementioned claims.
We were recently notified that our insurance company has initially declined to cover the class action and related derivative action described above. The insurance company had previously delayed reimbursing our legal fees related to the SEC subpoena we received in 2015 requesting information, but ultimately paid us that sum and never declined coverage. We have retained specialized insurance legal counsel to analyze and strategize our options. While we cannot quantify the amount of litigation costs, they are likely to be material as would be any adverse judgment or settlement amount.
The entire disclosure for loss and gain contingencies. Describes any existing condition, situation, or set of circumstances involving uncertainty as of the balance sheet date (or prior to issuance of the financial statements) as to a probable or reasonably possible loss incurred by an entity that will ultimately be resolved when one or more future events occur or fail to occur, and typically discloses the amount of loss recorded or a range of possible loss, or an assertion that no reasonable estimate can be made.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef