Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Stock Based Awards

Stock Based Awards
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2024
Share-Based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]  
Stock Based Awards

6. Stock Based Awards


Equity Incentive Plans


The Company adopted an equity incentive plan in 2015 (the “2015 Plan”) under which 833,333 shares of common stock have been reserved for issuance to employees, and non-employee directors and consultants of the Company. Recipients of incentive stock options granted under the 2015 Plan shall be eligible to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to no less than the estimated fair market value of such stock on the date of grant. The maximum term of options granted under the 2015 Plan is ten years. On June 16, 2021, the Company’s stockholders voted to approve an amendment to the 2015 Plan to increase the number of shares of common stock authorized for issuance under the 2015 Plan from 416,667 to 833,333 shares. As of March 31, 2024, 275,000 shares remain available for future grants under the 2015 Plan.



The following table summarizes stock option transactions for the 2015 Plan, collectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2024 (in thousands, except per share amounts):


    Number of
for Grant
Balance at December 31, 2023     275       558     $ 10.57     $ -  
Increase in authorized options     -       -       -       -  
Exercised     -       -       -       -  
Granted     -       -       -       -  
Expired     -       -       -       -  
Cancelled     -       -       -       -  
Balance at March 31, 2024     275       558     $ 10.38     $ -  


The Company accounts for share-based awards to employees and nonemployee directors and consultants in accordance with the provisions of ASC 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation., and under the recently issued guidance following FASB’s pronouncement, ASU 2018-07, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. Under ASC 718, and applicable updates adopted, share-based awards are valued at fair value on the date of grant and that fair value is recognized over the requisite service, or vesting, period. The Company values its equity awards using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, and accounts for forfeitures when they occur. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, equity-based compensation expense recorded was approximately $157,000 and $291,000, respectively.


As of March 31, 2024, there was approximately $560,000 of total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested stock options that is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 0.9 years. For options granted and outstanding, there were 558,000 options outstanding which were fully vested or expected to vest, with an aggregate intrinsic value of $0, a weighted average exercise price of $10.38 and weighted average remaining contractual term of 7.97 years at March 31, 2024. For vested and exercisable options, outstanding shares totaled 294,000, with an aggregate intrinsic value of $0. These options had a weighted average exercise price of $16.70 per share and a weighted-average remaining contractual term of 6.98 years at March 31, 2024.


The aggregate intrinsic value of outstanding and exercisable options at March 31, 2024 was calculated based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock as reported on The Nasdaq Capital Market on March 31, 2024 of $1.40 per share less the exercise price of the options. The aggregate intrinsic value is calculated based on the positive difference between the closing fair market value of the Company’s common stock and the exercise price of the underlying options.


Common Stock Reserved for Future Issuance


The following table presents information concerning common stock available for future issuance (in thousands) as of:


    March 31, 2024     March 31, 2023  
Stock options issued and outstanding     558       350  
Shares authorized for future option grants     275       484  
Warrants outstanding     -       13  
Total     833       847