Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Organization and Business

Organization and Business
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2022
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Organization and Business

1. Organization and Business


Cocrystal Pharma, Inc. (“we”, the “Company” or “Cocrystal”), a biopharmaceutical company, has been developing novel technologies and approaches to create first-in-class and best-in-class antiviral drug candidates since its initial funding in 2008. Our focus is to pursue the development and commercialization of broad-spectrum antiviral drug candidates that will transform the treatment and prophylaxis of viral diseases in humans. By concentrating our research and development efforts on viral replication inhibitors, we plan to leverage our infrastructure and expertise in these areas.


In September 2021, the Company opened a wholly owned foreign subsidiary in Australia named Cocrystal Pharma Australia, Ltd (“Cocrystal Australia”) with the objective of operating clinical trials in Australia.


On September 27, 2022, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation (the “Amendment”) with the Delaware Secretary of State to effect a reverse stock split of all outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock at a ratio of one-for-12. At the Company’s 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, holders of a majority of the outstanding voting power approved an amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company to effect a reverse stock split of all outstanding shares of our common stock at a ratio to be determined by the Board of Directors within a range of one-for-four through one-for-12. Following such approval, The Board of Directors determined to effect the reverse stock split at the ratio of one-for-12. The Amendment became effective October 11, 2022 and the effect of the reverse stock split was reflected on the Nasdaq Stock Market.


All share and per share amounts have been retroactively restated to reflect the one-for-12 stock split as if it occurred at the beginning of the earliest period presented.




The Company’s consolidated financial statements are prepared using generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America applicable to a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has incurred net losses and negative operating cash flows since inception. For the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company recorded a net loss of approximately $38,837,000 and used approximately $21,435,000 of cash in operating activities.


On December 31, 2022, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $37,219,000. We believe that our current resources will be sufficient to fund our operations beyond the next 12 months. This estimate is based, in part, upon our currently projected expenditures.


The Company’s activities since inception have principally consisted of acquiring product and technology rights, raising capital, and performing research and development. Successful completion of the Company’s development programs, obtaining regulatory approvals of its products and, ultimately, the attainment of profitable operations is dependent on future events, including, among other things, its ability to access potential markets, secure financing, develop a customer base, attract, retain and motivate qualified personnel, and develop strategic alliances. Through December 31, 2022, the Company has primarily funded its operations through equity offerings.


The Company will need to continue obtaining adequate capital to fund operating losses until it becomes profitable. The Company can give no assurances that the additional capital it is able to raise, if any, will be sufficient to meet its needs, or that any such financing will be obtainable on acceptable terms. Our future cash requirements, and the timing of those requirements, will depend on a number of factors, including economic conditions, the evolving impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, the approval and success of our products in development, the continued progress of research and development of our product candidates, the timing and outcome of clinical trials and regulatory approvals, the costs involved in preparing, filing, prosecuting, maintaining, defending, and enforcing patent claims and other intellectual property rights, the status of competitive products, the availability of financing, our success in developing markets for our product candidates and legal proceedings that may arise. We have historically not generated sustained positive cash flow and if we are not able to secure additional funding when needed, we may have to delay, reduce the scope of, or eliminate one or more of our clinical trials or research and development programs. If the Company is unable to obtain adequate capital, it could be forced to cease operations or substantially curtail its drug development activities. The Company expects to continue incurring substantial operating losses and negative cash flows from operations over the next several years during its pre-clinical and clinical development phases.



Additionally, the rapid development and fluidity of the COVID-19 pandemic and new variants of the virus makes it very difficult to predict its ultimate impact on our business, results of operations and liquidity. The pandemic presents a significant uncertainty that could materially and adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. The combination of potential disruptions to our business resulting from COVID-19 together with and volatile credit and capital markets could adversely impact our future liquidity, which could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations. We will continue to monitor and assess the impact COVID-19 and new variants of the virus may have on our business and financial results.