Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Organization and Business

Organization and Business
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Organization and Business

1. Organization and Business


Cocrystal Pharma, Inc. (“we”, the “Company” or “Cocrystal”), a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company, has been developing novel technologies and approaches to create first-in-class and best-in-class antiviral drug candidates since its initial funding in 2008. Our focus is to pursue the development and commercialization of broad-spectrum antiviral drug candidates that will transform the treatment and prophylaxis of viral diseases in humans. By concentrating our research and development efforts on viral replication inhibitors, we plan to leverage our infrastructure and expertise in these areas.


The Company was formerly incorporated in Nevada under the name Biozone Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Biozone”). On January 2, 2014, Biozone Pharmaceuticals, Inc. sold substantially all of its assets to MusclePharm Corporation (“MusclePharm”), and, on the same day, merged with Cocrystal Discovery, Inc. in a transaction accounted for as a reverse merger. Following the merger, the Company assumed Cocrystal Discovery, Inc.’s business plan and operations. On March 18, 2014, the Company reincorporated in Delaware under the name Cocrystal Pharma, Inc.


Effective November 25, 2014, Cocrystal Pharma, Inc. and affiliated entities completed a series of merger transactions as a result of which Cocrystal Pharma, Inc. merged with RFS Pharma, LLC, a Georgia limited liability company (“RFS Pharma”). We refer to the surviving entity of this merger as “Cocrystal” or the “Company.”


On January 18, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) filed an amendment (the “Amendment”) with the Delaware Secretary of State to affect a one-for-thirty reverse split (the “Reverse Stock Split”) of the Company’s class of common stock. The Amendment took effect on January 24, 2018. The Reverse Stock Split did not change the authorized number of shares of common stock. Pursuant to the terms of the Company’s then outstanding convertible notes (see Note 7 – Convertible Notes Payable), its options and warrants have been proportionately adjusted to reflect the Reverse Stock Split. A proportionate adjustment was made to the per share exercise price, number of shares issued and shares reserved for issuance under all of the Company’s equity compensation plans.


All per share amounts and number of shares in the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes presented have been retroactively restated to reflect the Reverse Stock Split.


On January 31, 2019, the Company received an upfront non-refundable payment of $4,000,000 and anticipates future payments for employees and research expense reimbursements over the term of our collaboration with Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. (“Merck”), effective January 2, 2019 (refer to Note 10 – Licenses and Collaborations).


The Company’s activities since inception have principally consisted of acquiring potential product and technology rights, raising capital, and performing research and development. Successful completion of the Company’s development programs, obtaining regulatory approvals of its products and, ultimately, the attainment of profitable operations is dependent on future events, including, among other things, its ability to access potential markets, secure financing, develop a customer base, attract, retain and motivate qualified personnel, and develop strategic alliances. Through December 31, 2018, the Company has primarily funded its operations through equity offerings.


The Company’s historical operating results indicate substantial doubt exists related to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The Company has no pharmaceutical products approved for sale, has not generated any revenues to date from pharmaceutical product sales, and has incurred significant operating losses since inception. The Company has earned income from operations of $2,877,000 and incurred losses from operations of $2,067,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.


The Company will need to continue obtaining adequate capital to fund its operations until it becomes profitable. The Company can give no assurances that the additional capital it is able to raise, if any, will be sufficient to meet its needs, or that any such financing will be obtainable on acceptable terms. If the Company is unable to obtain adequate capital, it could be forced to cease operations or substantially curtail its drug development activities. The Company expects to continue incurring substantial operating losses and negative cash flows from operations over the next several years during its pre-clinical and clinical development phases. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and the classification of liabilities should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.