Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Organization and Basis of Presentation

Organization and Basis of Presentation
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2016
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Organization and Basis of Presentation

1. Organization and Basis of Presentation


Cocrystal Pharma, Inc. (the “Company”) is a biopharmaceutical company focused on developing antiviral therapeutics for human diseases.


On January 2, 2014, Biozone Pharmaceuticals, Inc. merged with Cocrystal Discovery, Inc. (as further described below). The Company was previously incorporated in Nevada under the name Biozone Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Biozone”). On March 18, 2014, the Company reincorporated in Delaware under the name Cocrystal Pharma, Inc. (“we”, the “Company”, or “Cocrystal”).


Our primary business is to develop novel medicines for use in the treatment of human viral diseases. Cocrystal has been developing novel technologies and approaches to create antiviral drug candidates since its initial funding in 2008. Our focus is to pursue the development and commercialization of broad-spectrum antiviral drug candidates that will transform the treatment and prophylaxis of viral diseases in humans. By concentrating our research and development efforts on viral replication inhibitors, we plan to leverage our infrastructure and expertise in these areas.


Effective January 2, 2014, Biozone, Biozone Acquisitions Co., Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Biozone (the “Merger Sub”), and Cocrystal Discovery entered into and closed an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Biozone Merger Agreement”). Pursuant to the Biozone Merger Agreement, Merger Sub merged with and into Cocrystal Discovery (the “Merger”), with Cocrystal Discovery continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Biozone. Cocrystal Discovery was considered the accounting acquirer as its shareholders owned 60% of the combined entity after the Merger. In connection with the Biozone Merger Agreement, all of the Company’s shares of Series A preferred stock were first converted to common stock, and Biozone then issued to Cocrystal Discovery’s security holders a total of 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series B”) (at a ratio of 0.07454 Series B stock for each common share of Cocrystal Discovery). The Series B shares automatically converted into 205,083,086 shares of the Company’s common stock on March 3, 2015 as a result of the Company’s shareholders approving an increase in the number of the Company’s authorized common shares to 800,000,000. Additionally, the Company assumed all of the outstanding stock options under the Cocrystal Discovery 2007 Equity Incentive Plan. Subsequent to the Merger, Biozone changed its name to Cocrystal Pharma, Inc.


The Merger was treated as a reverse merger and recapitalization effected by a share exchange for financial accounting and reporting purposes since substantially all of Biozone’s operations were disposed of immediately prior to the consummation of the Merger as reported on a Form 8-K filed by Biozone on January 2, 2014. Cocrystal Discovery was treated as the accounting acquirer as its shareholders controlled the Company after the Merger, even though Biozone was the legal acquirer. As a result, the assets and liabilities and the historical operations that are reflected in these financial statements are those of Cocrystal Discovery as if Cocrystal Discovery had always been the reporting company and, on the Merger date, changed its name and reorganized its capital stock. Since Biozone had no operations upon the Merger taking place, the transaction was treated as a recapitalization for accounting purposes and no goodwill or other intangible assets were recorded by the Company as a result of the Merger. Historical common stock amounts and additional paid-in capital were retroactively adjusted using the exchange ratio of 0.07454 Series B shares for each one common share of Cocrystal Discovery.


Effective November 25, 2014, Cocrystal, Cocrystal Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Cocrystal, Cocrystal Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Cocrystal Merger Sub”), RFS Merger Sub, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “RFS Merger Sub”) and RFS Pharma, LLC, a Georgia limited liability company (“RFS Pharma”), entered into and closed an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “RFS Merger Agreement”).


The consideration paid by the Company was approximately $184.8 million, consisting of the issuance of 1,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred stock (“Series A”) with an estimated fair value of approximately $178.2 million and the issuance of 16,542,538 options to purchase the Company’s common stock as replacements of awards previously issued to employees of RFS Pharma with an estimated fair value of approximately $6.6 million. The Series A shares automatically converted into 340,760,802 shares of the Company’s common stock upon the approval of the Company’s shareholders on March 3, 2015 to increase the total number of the Company’s authorized common shares to 800,000,000 shares. Prior to the Series A shares being converted to common stock, the Series A shares contained a provision that they could be redeemed at each holder’s option based on a defined conversion price beginning on November 25, 2015 if not previously converted to common stock. The Series A shares were therefore classified as mezzanine equity in the Company’s balance sheet as of December 31, 2014, because at that time such shares could potentially have been redeemed by its holders for events that were outside the Company’s control. No accretion to redemption value was required, as redemption was not probable.


Basis of Presentation


The financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”).


Principles of Consolidation


The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Cocrystal Pharma, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries: RFS Pharma, LLC, Cocrystal Discovery, Inc., Cocrystal Merger Sub, Inc., Baker Cummins Corp. and Biozone Laboratories, Inc. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.




The Company has no pharmaceutical products approved for sale, has not generated any revenues to date from pharmaceutical product sales, and has incurred significant operating losses since inception. The Company has never been profitable and has incurred losses from operations of $105.8 million, $53.9 million and $5.8 million in the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The Company does not believe that its cash and cash equivalents of $3.6 million as of December 31, 2016 are sufficient to fund its operations for the next twelve months. The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company obtaining adequate capital to fund operating losses until it becomes profitable. The Company can give no assurances that any additional capital that it is able to obtain, if any, will be sufficient to meet its needs, or that any such financing will be obtainable on acceptable terms. If the Company is unable to obtain adequate capital, it could be forced to cease operations or substantially curtail its commercial activities. The Company believes these conditions raise substantial doubt as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.


In order to continue as a going concern, the Company will need, among other things, additional capital resources. Management plans to obtain such resources for the Company include obtaining capital from the sale of its equity securities during 2017. However, management cannot provide any assurance that the Company will be successful in accomplishing any of its plans.